Women and the UK economy

In the UK, 15.66 million women aged 16 and over were in employment in October to December 2022,
according to the ONS UK labour market bulletin. This means that 108,000 more women were employed
than in the year before.

The female employment rate was 72.3%, down from a record high of 72.7% in December 2019 to February
2020. The male employment rate was 79.0%.

There were 9.74 million women working full-time, while 5.92 million were working part-time. Most part-time
employment was by women (38%), compared with 14% of men.

In the UK, the sectors with the most women in employment are health and social work (accounting for 21%
of all jobs held by women as of September 2022), the wholesale and retail trade (13%) and education
(12%). In the health and social work sector, 77% of jobs are held by women, and in education it is 70%.
Median weekly pay for female full-time employees was £584 in April 2022, according to data from the ONS
Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings. This compared with £683 for male full-time employees.

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